Warangal district is a district of Telangana state and situated in its northern region. The administrative headquarters of the district are located at Warangal city. Earlier the place was known as Orugallu. The term Orugallu was derived from the two Tamil words-the first one is "Oru" means 'single' whereas the second word "Kal" means 'stone'. Both the terms together means a city carved out of a single large stone. With due course of time, the name of the place was changed from Orugallu to Warangallu or Warangal. During the prehistoric phase Jainsim was widely spread in this place. Paleolithic Rock art paintings found at Pandavula gutta (Regonda) and Narsapur (Tadvai) in the district were the evidence of this fact. From the period of 12th to the 14th centuries the Warangal reign was under the rule of Kakatiya kingdom. At the time of Mughal rule, the Golconda sultanate, a small part of Bahmani Sultanate ruled Warangal. In 1687 Aurangzeb, the Mughal emperor conquered Golconda. After that the southern provinces of the Mughal Empire divided in order to form the Hyderabad state in 1724. It comprised the Telangana region, some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. When India got independence in 1947, Hyderabad became an Indian state in 1948. As per the States Reorganization Act, Hyderabad was partitioned in 1956 and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which included Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh. At present it is a part of the Red Corridor.
Daasarathi Krishnamacharyulu, popularly known as Daasarathi, a distinguished Telugu poet and writer was born on 22nd July, 1925 in the Warangal district. The great titles like Abhyudhaya Kavi and Kalaprapurna were conferred to him. He was also honoured by Sahitya Academy Award in 1974 for his poetry book named Timiramto Samaram (Fight against Darkness).
Geographically, the district lies at 17°97' N latitude, 79°92' E longitude and 302 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 24.12% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 12,846 sq km. and it is bounded by Karimnagar district on the north, Khammam district on the east and southeast, Nalgonda district on the southwest and Medak district on the west. The climate of the district is characterised as hot and dry climate. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1319.4 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 52 mandals. There are 12 assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 15 towns and 1,049 villages. The administrative headquarters of the district is located at Warangal city. The administrative language in the district is Telugu.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 35,12,576 including 17,59,281 are males and 17,53,295 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 997 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 8.21% out of which 6.95% were males and 9.51% were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 93.20% of the total population. The population density in the district is 273 persons per sq. km. According to 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Telugu and Hindi with 82.66% and 11.69%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 52,152 out of which 27,032 were males and 25,120 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 18,872 out of which 11,611 were males and 7,261 were females.
Agriculture is the backbone of its economy. The irrigation facility in the district is solely depends on monsoon and seasonal rainfalls. Some of its chief agricultural products are paddy, cotton, mango, wheat, etc. Enumamula in the district has the Asia's second-biggest grain market. Andhra Rayons Ltd, Beriya Salt and Banjara Fabrics are its foremost industries. Industrially the district is not so highly developed. In 2006 the Indian government declared it as one of the country's 250 most backward districts and currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 32,13,066 lakhs at current price and Rs. 20,18,311 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2015-16 was Rs. 16,46,839 lakh at current price and Rs. 12,89,972 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 3,14,338 at current price and Rs. 1,93,276 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
Kakatiya University, a well known university in the district and most of its colleges are affiliated to this university. NIT Warangal and Kaloji Health University are the most reputed engineering and medical college in the district. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 65.11% including 74.58% are males and 55.69% are females. The total number of literates in the district is 20,65,023 including 11,79,790 are males and 8,85,233 are females.
Dharavath Ravinder Naik, an illustrious Indian politician and a member of the 14th Lok Sabha from the Warangal constituency was born on 15th August, 1952 at Warangal city. He is a member of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) political party. Porika Naik Balram or Balram Naik, a prominent Indian politician and a member of the 15th Lok Sabha was born on 6th June, 1964 at Mahabubabad in the district. He is a member of Indian National Congress political party.
As per 2013 February, UNESCO declared Warangal city as the World Heritage city status. Thousand Pillar Temple, a historic Hindu Temple situated in the Hanamakonda town in the district. The temples of this place are basically dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Lord Surya. It was constructed by Kakatiya dynasty, during their rule. Warangal Fort, in the district is a beautiful structure which depicts the ancient architecture. The construction work of the fort was completed towards the end of the Kakatiya period which again modified in between the 15th and 17th centuries. Ramappa gudi also popularly called as the Ramalingeswara temple is located at a distance of 77 km. from Warangal. The inscriptions in the temple dates back to the year 1213. It was built by a General named Recherla Rudra, during the period of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva. Pakhal Lake, a man- made lake is located in the Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary in the district. It is a perfect destination for picnic and nature’s lover. Medaram, a village in the district is a notable centre of attraction.